Theology (Greek θεος, theos, “God”, + λογος, logos, “word” or “reason”) means “reasoned discourse” concerning religion, spirituality and God. Theologians attempt to use rational language and argument (with typically Greek and Latin language-derived terms) to discuss, interpret, and teach on any of a myriad a religious topics, as a means to clarify religious differences, and to maintain a dominantly secular concept of faith.
The concept of “theology” represents an influence of Western academic empiricism and secular Western culture on the religious world. Hence the term generally refers to religious education in the Western world, in accordance with both the societal norms of Western-style academic inquiry, and the doctrines of religious tradition. Western theological traditions have developed according to predominanty Christian and Jewish beliefs, and in most cases study is directly tied to evangelism. Students in theology often seek to become religious clergy.
Within the “theological” framework, student theologians may engage in extra-traditional religious discourse and navigate many of the sectarian and denominational differences between various doctrines (dogma), while remaining as faithful believers in their respective traditions. In contrast, a theocracy asserts that religious spirituality should have dominance over and within all matters of government, including academic study. Such a system of predefined laws must accept local sectarian views as their foundation, and thus differences tend to be undebated, unresolved, and increasing due to natural cultural divergences.